Session: Critical Materials for Energy Technologies
Critical Materials for Energy Technologies
What are the key issues around extracting, processing and using materials needed for our increasing global energy needs?
Wednesday, May 1, 2013
Barbara Goss Levi, Physics Today
Sangwon Suh , UCSB
Tom Graedel, Yale University
Robert Jaffe, MIT
Alexander King, Ames Laboratory
Click here to watch video.
Barbara Goss Levi
Contributing Editor, Physics Today
Barbara Goss Levi is a long-time contributor to Physics Today magazine. She earned a PhD in particle physics from Stanford University in 1971 and soon thereafter began writing news stories for Physics Today. She has also taught physics courses at Georgia Tech, Rutgers University and UCSB. In the spring of 2004, she spent three months as a “journalist in residence” at UCSB’s Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics. In addition to writing and teaching, she has studied issues of energy, environment and arms control. She was a consultant for the US Congress’ Office of Technology Assessment in the 1970s and 1980s. From 1983-87, she worked at Princeton University’s Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, primarily on the effects of nuclear weapons. Levi is a co-editor of three American Physical Society conference proceedings dealing with energy and of one on climate change. She is a fellow of both the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Professor, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management
UC Santa Barbara
Sangwon Suh’s research focuses on the sustainability of the human-nature complexity through understanding materials and energy exchanges between them. Over the past 15 years, he has been working on the theoretical foundations and practical applications of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Industrial Ecology. In particular, Dr. Suh has contributed to the applications of Input-Output Analysis (IOA) to hybrid LCA, Material Flow Analysis (MFA), and ecological network analysis; normalization and allocation in LCA; international standardization of LCA and carbon footprinting; development of LCA databases and policy-support tools; and understanding the drivers of Greenhouse Gas emissions and climate change. Dr. Suh was appointed a member of the International Resource Panel by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and is the Coordinating Lead Author of the Assessment Report 5 by the Nobel prize-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Professor, Industrial Ecology
Presentation: "Solar Cell Metals: A Tale of Oversupply and Undersupply"
Thomas Graedel is Clifton R. Musser Professor of Industrial Ecology in the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University. His research is centered on developing and enhancing industrial ecology, the organizing framework for the study of the interactions of the modern technological society with the environment. His textbook, Industrial Ecology and Sustainable Engineering, coauthored with B. R. Allenby, was the first book in the field and is now in its third edition. His current interests include studies of the flows of materials within the industrial ecosystem, and of evaluating the criticality of metals. He was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Engineering in 2002 for “outstanding contributions to the theory and practice of industrial ecology”, and currently chairs the National Research Council committee drafting a report on Linkages of Sustainability in the Federal Government.
Jaffe is best known for his work on quarks, confinement, and quantum chromodynamics, especially the quark and gluon substructure of hadrons. Jaffe served as Director of MIT’s Center for Theoretical Physics from 1998 to 2004. Several years ago, he and another colleague at MIT, proposed and developed a new course on the Physics of Energy, which offers technically literate undergraduates the scientific foundation for a career in energy research or policy studies. They are finishing a textbook based on the course. Jaffe has served on the American Physical Society’s Panel on Public Affiars (POPA) since 2008. He led the 2011 POPA study on "Energy Critical Elements: Securing Materials for Emerging Technologies". Jaffe currently chairs POPA’s Subcommittee on Energy and Environment. He will serve as chair of POPA beginning in January 2014.Robert Jaffe is the Morningstar Professor of Physics at MIT, where he has been on the faculty since 1974.
The Ames Laboratory
Presentation: "The Energy Innovation Hub for Critical Materials"
Alex King was born and raised in London. He attended the University of Sheffield as an undergraduate and earned his doctorate from Oxford. He was a postdoc at Oxford and then M.I.T. before joining the faculty at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he also served as the Vice Provost for Graduate Studies (Dean of the Graduate School). He was appointed as Professor and Head of the School of Materials Engineering at Purdue in 1999, and Director of DOE’s Ames Laboratory in January 2008. He will be the Director of the Critical Materials Institute – one of DOE’s five Energy Innovation Hubs – starting in the Spring of 2013. He was a Visiting Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science in 1996 and a US State Department Jefferson Science Fellow for 2005-06. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Mining Minerals and Materials, ASM International, and the Materials Research Society. Alex King was the President of MRS for 2002, Chair of the University Materials Council, for 2006-07, and Chair of the APS Interest Group on Energy Research and Applications for 2010.