A Combinatorial Approach to Vulnerability Analysis of the Power Grid

Jan 14, 2015  |  4:00pm | ESB 1001
Ali Pinar
Principal Member of the Technical Staff, Sandia National Laboratories
Abstract

The need for improving security standards for electric power systems is well recognized.  Such efforts however, are hindered by lack of decision support tools that can incorporate security into the decision making process. The current practice is to protect the system against known or anticipated failures either by using a post-processing phase or by explicit enumeration of the known cases. These approaches not only lack scalability to larger systems or higher security standards, but also are limited to predicted failures, which is a significant shortcoming with the uncertainty of the renewable generation. In this talk, we will start with introducing our combinatorial techniques for vulnerability analysis of electric power systems, where we try to find small groups of components, whose loss will cause significant disturbances. Then we will describe how our vulnerability analysis techniques can be incorporated into the decision making process, where vulnerability analysis becomes a constraint to another optimization problem. For instance, can we solve the unit-commitment problem such that the system can survive loss of any combination of a specified number of its elements? We will also briefly discuss our recent work on how to include uncertainty in these problems.

Biography

Ali Pinar received his Ph.D. in computer science from University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, and his M.S. and B.S. degrees from Bilkent University in Turkey.

He is a Principal Member of the Technical Staff at Sandia National Laboratories. Before joining Sandia in 2008, he worked at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2008-2001). His recent research focuses on modeling and analysis of networks, sampling and streaming algorithms, and computational problems in electric power systems. He is an editor for SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, and Journal of Complex Networks, senior member of ACM and IEEE, and member of SIAM and INFORMS.

Event Slides

Event TypeSeminar